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Scientific section > A few ways for researching the First World War in Australia

A few ways for researching the First World War in Australia

Image locale (image propre et limitée à l'article, invisible en médiathèque)
Digger du Parc mémorial australien de Bullecourt.
© Samuel Dhote

Because the Great War has a particularly important status in the history of Australia (see article “The importance of commemorating the Centenary in Australia”), it is not surprising that it is easy to access the many digitalised Australian archives.

The main research site is that of the Australian War Memorial. This memorial serves as a museum, a memorial and research centre, controlled by the Australian government. 1

To find an Australian soldier from the First World War please consult : http://www.awm.gov.au/research/people/. Generally, a part of his military file can be found on line.

In certain cases, other additional archives will be available on the site of the national Australian archives otherwise the user will be directed to files which have not yet been digitalised and of which a copy can be ordered. Please note that the Australian States also have archive centres in their  respective capitals.

As far as the newspapers of the time are concerned, many of them have been digitalised forming a considerable source of information. Please see : http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper?q=

Most of the marching orders for all the Australian units are also available on line : http://www.awm.gov.au/collection/records/awm4/ as is the official Australian history of the First World War (http://www.awm.gov.au/histories/first_world_war/ ). Be careful however with this source which aims to focus on the national conscience to the detriment of historical reality. A source therefore to be used with great care.


Indicative bibliography

The Australian national identity and the Great War : selection

Andrews, E. M. The Anzac Illusion: Anglo-Australian Relations During World War I. Cambridge, England ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Blair, Dale James. Dinkum Diggers : An Australian Battalion at War. Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press, 2001.

Bonnell, Andrew, and Martin Crotty. "Australia's History under Howard, 1996-2007." The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 617, no. 1 (May 1, 2008 2008) : 149-65.

Gerster, Robin. Big-Noting : The Heroic Theme in Australian War Writing. Carlton, Vic: Melbourne University Press, 1987.

Jessica, Pacella. "Crikey, It's Commodified ! An Investigation into Anzac Day: The Next Nike?". Social Alternatives 30, no. 2 (2011) : 26.

Lake, Marilyn. What's Wrong with Anzac? : The Militarisation of Australian History. 1st ed.  Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 2010.

McKenna, Mark, and Stuart Ward. "‘It Was Really Moving, Mate’: The Gallipoli Pilgrimage and Sentimental Nationalism in Australia." Australian Historical Studies 38, no. 129 (2007/04/01 2007) : 141-51.

Nile, Richard, and Alan Seymour. Anzac : Meaning, Memory and Myth. London, University of London, Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, 1991.

Rechniewski, Elizabeth. "Quand L'australie Invente Et Réinvente Une Tradition." Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire 101, no. 1 (2009) : 123.

Seal, Graham, and Richard Nile. Inventing Anzac : The Digger and National Mythology. Uqp Australian Studies. St Lucia, Qld., University of Queensland Press, 2004.

Stanley, Peter. Bad Characters : Sex, Crime, Mutiny, Murder and the Australian Imperial Force. Millers Point, N.S.W. : Pier 9, 2010.

Stockings, Craig, and Craig Stockings. Anzac's Dirty Dozen : 12 Myths of Australian Military History. Kensington, N.S.W. : NewSouth Pub., 2012.

White, Richard. Inventing Australia: Images and Identity, 1688-1980. Vol. no. 3., Sydney ; Boston: Allen & Unwin, 1981.

Williams, John F. Anzacs, the Media and the Great War. Kensington, N.S.W : UNSW Press, 1999.

Ziino, Bart, . "Who Owns Gallipoli ?: Australia's Gallipoli Anxieties 1915-2005." Journal of Australian Studies 30, no. 88 (2006) : 1-12.


Legend of the Anzacs and a historical analysis : chronological sketch

Inglis Kenneth, "The Anzac Tradition", Meanjin quarterly, March 1965, p. 25-44.

Inglis Moore T, "The meaning of mateship", Meanjin quarterly, March 1965, p. 45-54.

Serle Geoffrey, "The Digger Tradition and Australian Nationalism", in Meanjin Quarterly, June 1965, p 149-158.

Gammage W., The Broken Years: Australian Soldiers in the Great War, Canberra, 1974, 301 p.

Fewster Kevin, "Ellis Ashmead Bartlett and the Making of the Anzac Legend", in Journal of Australian Studies, 1982, p 17-30.

Kent D., "The Anzac Book and the Anzac Legend: C.E.W. Bean as Editor and Image-maker", in Historical Studies, April 1985, 376-390 p.

Ross Jane, The Myth of the Digger. Australian Soldiers in Two World Wars, Sydney, Hale & Iremonger, 1985, 251 p.

Robson L, "The Australian Soldier : Formation of a Stereotype" in Australia : Two Centruries of War and Peace, edited by McKernan M. & Browne, AWM, 1988, p. 313-337.

Thomson Alistair, "Steadfast until Death? C.E.W. Bean and the Representation of Australian Military Manhood", Australian Historical Studies, 1989, p. 462-478.

White R., "Sun, Sand and Syphilis: Australian Soldiers and the Orient Egypt  1914", in Australian Cultural History, July, 1990.

Nile Richard & SEYMOUR Alan (eds), Anzac : Meaning, Memory and Myth, London, Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, 1991, 91 p.

Thomson Alistair, "A past you can live with : digger memories and the Anzac Legend", Anzac : Meaning, Memory and Myth, Alan Seymour & Richard Nile (eds), University of London, Sir Robert Menzies Centre for Australian Studies, London, 1991, p. 21-31.

Bourke Joanna, "Shell Shock and Australian Soldiers in the Great War", in Sabretache, October 1995, p. 3-10.

Beaumont Joan, "The Anzac legend" in Australia’s war 1914-1918, Beaumont J. (ed), Allen&Unwin, NSW, 1996, p. 149-179.

Blair Dale, Dinkum diggers: an Australian Battalion at War, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 2001, p.

Brenchley Fred and Elizabeth, Brenchley Myth maker : Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett : the Englishman who sparked Australia's Gallipoli legend, QLD, John Wiley & Sons, 2005,  285 p.


Bereavement and remembrance tourism in the Australian context : general studies

Damousi, Joy. The Labour of Loss : Mourning, Memory and Wartime Bereavement in Australia. Studies in the Social and Cultural History of Modern Warfare.  Cambridge ; Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Inglis, Kenneth Stanley, and Jan Brazier. Sacred Places : War Memorials in the Australian Landscape. 3rd ed.  Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Publishing, 2008.

Scates, Bruce. "The First Casualty of War: A Reply to Mckenna's and Ward's ‘Gallipoli Pilgrimage and Sentimental Nationalism’." Australian Historical Studies 38, no. 130 (2007/10/01 2007): 312-21.

Return to Gallipoli : Walking the Battlefields of the Great War. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Winter, Caroline. "Tourism, Social Memory and the Great War." Annals of Tourism Research 36, no. 4 (2009): 607-26

Ziino, Bart. ""A Lasting Gift to His Descendants": Family Memory and the Great War in Australia." History and Memory 22, no. 2 (2010): 125-46,79.

Ziino, Bart. A Distant Grief : Australians, War Graves and the Great War. Crawley, W.A.: UWA Press, 2007

1 Please refer to The Australian War Memorial Act, law in which its statutes and aims are set out : http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/awma1980244/